Paediatric Ocular Inflammation: Considerations for Parents and Caregivers


Our children’s eyes hold the promise of vibrant futures, full of discovery and wonder. But what happens when paediatric ocular inflammation, a silent threat, disrupts this precious sight? While less common than in adults, it poses unique challenges. As a parent or caregiver, navigating this unfamiliar territory can be overwhelming. Fear not! This blog empowers you with essential knowledge to advocate for your child’s eye health.

Imagine your child: squinting excessively, complaining of light sensitivity, experiencing redness and eye pain. These could be signs of paediatric uveitis, keratitis, or scleritis, all falling under the umbrella of paediatric ocular inflammation. While symptoms might resemble common eye irritations, early detection and intervention are crucial to prevent vision impairment and long-term complications.

Why is paediatric ocular inflammation different?

Children’s developing bodies and immune systems present unique challenges compared to adults. Unlike adults, they might not express discomfort effectively, making early diagnosis more difficult. Additionally, some inflammatory conditions have distinct presentations in children, requiring specialised knowledge for accurate diagnosis and treatment like we do at Madurai Eye Center.

What are the common causes?

Causes vary, ranging from infections (bacterial, viral) to autoimmune conditions like juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Sometimes, the cause remains unknown (“idiopathic”). Understanding the underlying cause is crucial for guiding treatment and preventing future episodes.

What are the warning signs?

Remember, children might not complain explicitly. Be vigilant for these signs:

  • Redness in the white part of the eye
  • Increased tearing or discharge
  • Squinting or light sensitivity
  • Pain or discomfort in the eye
  • Blurry vision or changes in pupil size
  • Drooping eyelid

Seeking the right care:

If you notice any of these signs, don’t hesitate to seek immediate medical attention from a paediatric ophthalmologist or optician specialising in children’s eye care. We have the expertise to diagnose the specific cause and recommend the best course of treatment.

Treatment options:

Treatment depends on the underlying cause and severity of inflammation. It may include:

  • Eye drops: Corticosteroids or other medications to reduce inflammation.
  • Medications: Oral or injected medications to address underlying conditions like JIA.
  • Surgery: In rare cases, surgery might be necessary to remove damaged tissue or improve drainage.

The Importance of Early Detection:

Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial to minimise the risk of vision loss and other complications. Remember, healthy vision empowers your child to learn, play, and navigate the world with confidence.

Beyond Treatment: Supporting Your Child:

The emotional impact of eye inflammation on children cannot be ignored. Provide emotional support, answer their questions honestly, and involve them in their treatment journey age-appropriately.

Together, we can protect our children’s precious sight:

  • Schedule regular eye checkups: Even if your child seems healthy, regular eye exams by a paediatric ophthalmologist are essential for early detection.
  • Be vigilant: Stay informed about signs and symptoms of ocular inflammation.
  • Seek timely help: Don’t delay seeking professional help if you notice any concerns.
  • Spread awareness: Share information with other parents and caregivers to empower them to protect their children’s eye health.

By working together, we can ensure that our children’s eyes remain windows to a bright and beautiful future.

Our Super Specialists

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Dr A Srinivasan

Medical Director

Dr Nithin K Srinivasan

Retinal Surgeon & Uveitis Specialist

Dr Naveen K Srinivasan

Corneal & Refractive Surgeon

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