Within our eyes, we have a natural clear lens that helps us see. When this lens becomes yellow and cloudy, it is known as a cataract. As this clouding happens, it keeps light rays from passing through the lens and focusing on the retina which is a light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye. In its early stages, cataract may not cause a problem. The cloudiness may affect only a small part of the lens. However, the cataract may grow larger over time and affect more of the lens.Read more


A normal person sees clearly when light from the outside world falls correctly on the light-sensitive retinal layer of the eye. When these light rays fall in front of the eye, it results in blurring of distance images (Myopia) or when these rays fall behind the eye it causes blurred near vision (Hypermetropia). When the eye is unable to focus at one point due to uneven corneal curvature, it results in poor vision called astigmatism.Read more

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes mellitus and is one of the main causes of blindness in young and middle-aged adults today. The incidence of diabetes mellitus is on the rise world over, in India more than 60 million people are suffering from it. It occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. A healthy retina is necessary for good vision.Read more

Surgical Retina

Surgical Retina Department is led by Dr Nithin Keshav Srinivasan. The department treats complex conditions such as retinal detachments, advanced diabetic eye disease (including vitreous haemorrhage, tractional retinal detachment) giant retinal tears (GRT), macular holes, epiretinal membranes (macular pucker), vitreomacular traction, ocular trauma and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR).Read more

Medical Retina

A wide range of conditions are currently under the care of the department, the most common of which include diabetic eye disease, retinal vein occlusion, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and central serous retinopathy (CSR).Read more


Glaucoma is a group of diseases with characteristic optic nerve damage, resulting in irreversible vision loss. It is the leading cause of blindness, especially in the elderly. It can cause irreversible loss of vision and even blindness. Most, but not all of these diseases are characterised by raised pressure in the eye (intraocular pressure). The level of pressure that causes damage can vary in different individuals and the resistance level of the optic nerve.Read more

Dry Eyes

Tears keep your eyes wet and smooth and help focus light so you can see clearly. They also protect your eyes from infections and irritating things, like dirt and dust. Every time you blink, a thin layer of tears called a “tear film” spreads across the surface of your cornea (the clear outer layer of the eye). Tears come from glands above your eyes, then drain into your tear ducts (small holes in the inner corners of your eyes) and down through your nose.Read more

Refractive Services

Before the advent of LASIK, this was the most commonly performed refractive surgery. In this procedure, the thin outer layer of the cornea is removed. Using excimer laser the cornea is then reshaped to make the light rays focus on the retina to get clear vision.Read more

Myopia Center

Myopia is a medical term for short-sightedness or near-sightedness. A person with myopia can clearly see objects close to the eye, but he/she will have difficulty seeing objects that are far from the eye. It is a serious public health concern of the 21st century and is projected to affect approximately half of the global population (5 billion) by 2050. Additionally, there will be 1 billion at risk of developing myopia-related complications that have the potential to lead to visual loss.
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Ocular Inflammation

Uveitis & Ocular Immunology Service provides a multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of ocular inflammatory disease and other infectious disorders. Madurai Eye Center deals with a wide range of ocular inflammatory conditions some of which result in significant ocular morbidity and are estimated to account for 5%-15% of blindness. Common ocular inflammations seen in our department includeRead more


The outermost transparent part of the eye is the cornea. It contributes 70% of the focusing power of the eye. It measures about 12 mm wide and 11 mm height. That is the main reason why it is imperative to take care of your cornea.Read more


The Oculoplasty department follows a holistic approach with comprehensive care available under one roof including reconstructive surgery, aesthetic surgery, lacrimal disorders, anaesthesia care, ocular prosthesis centre, physician care, laboratory facilities including pathology, microbiology thereby working towards novel treatment techniques.Read more

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder of the retina occurring in premature babies, immediately after birth which could lead to blindness if not detected or left untreated at an early stage. It is a disorder of the development of retinal blood vessels in premature babies. Normal retinal vascularization happens centrifugally (centre to periphery) from the optic disc to the outer edge of the retina.Read more

Paediatric Ophthalmology

Children’s eyes are different from those of adults because they’re still developing. Good vision is dependent on the proper development of the eye and good connections between the eye and the brain. Any condition affecting a child’s vision must be treated at the earliest. This is why pediatric ophthalmology has become a separate speciality.Read more

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